What Does Monophonic Homophonic And Polyphonic Mean?

What is an example of polyphonic music?

Examples of Polyphony Rounds, canons, and fugues are all polyphonic.

(Even if there is only one melody, if different people are singing or playing it at different times, the parts sound independent.) Much late Baroque music is contrapuntal, particularly the works of J.S.


Is classical music homophonic or polyphonic?

Compared to the Baroque period, Classical music generally has a lighter, clearer texture, and is less complex. Baroque music is often polyphonic, while Classical is mainly homophonic.

Are hymns homophonic?

If the chords move together with the melody, with the same rhythm in all voices, the resulting sound is a type of homophony that is called homorhythmic. This is the texture of church hymns.

What is an example of monophonic texture?

Monophonic Texture Definition For example, if a group of friends sat around a campfire singing a song altogether, that would be monophony. … We can even have rhythmic accompaniment in a monophonic texture, such as clapping or a drum set, as long as there is only one part that has specific pitches – the melody.

What is polyphonic and homophonic?

A homophonic texture refers to music where there are many notes at once, but all moving in the same rhythm. … A polyphonic texture refers to a web of autonomous melodies, each of which contributes to the texture and the harmony of the piece but is a separate and independent strand in the fabric, so to speak.

What does polyphonic mean?

Polyphony, in music, the simultaneous combination of two or more tones or melodic lines (the term derives from the Greek word for “many sounds”). Thus, even a single interval made up of two simultaneous tones or a chord of three simultaneous tones is rudimentarily polyphonic.

How do you use polyphonic in a sentence?

Polyphonic Masses. As music becomes more polyphonic the inner parts of the orchestra become more and more emancipated. His music is highly polyphonic, and modern in its instrumental treatment throughout.

How can you tell the difference between polyphonic and homophonic?

Homophony is the concept of a single ‘line’ as such, potentially split across several parts, but all moving at the same time – parts mainly follow the same rhythm. Polyphony is when there is multiple melody lines at the same time, interacting with each other.

What does monophonic mean?

Monophony, musical texture made up of a single unaccompanied melodic line. … It is a basic element of virtually all musical cultures. Byzantine and Gregorian chants (the music of the medieval Eastern and Western churches, respectively) constitute the oldest written examples of monophonic repertory.

What is homophonic texture?

Homophonic. The most common texture in Western music: melody and accompaniment. Multiple voices of which one, the melody, stands out prominently and the others form a background of harmonic accompaniment. If all the parts have much the same rhythm, the homophonic texture can also be described as homorhythmic.

What is the difference between a monophonic and a polyphonic synthesizer?

Monophonic. A monophonic synthesizer or monosynth is a synthesizer that produces only one note at a time, making it smaller and cheaper than a polyphonic synthesizer which can play multiple notes at once.

What is monophonic polyphonic and homophonic?

Polyphony means music with more than one part, and so this indicates simultaneous notes. … When sung by multiple voices in unison (i.e. the same pitch), this music is still considered monophonic. When doubled at the octave or other interval, as is done not infrequently in practice, it is arguably homophonic (see below).

What is an example of homophonic texture?

Homophonic texture is the most common texture in Western music. It’s similar to monophonic texture as there is one main melody being played, but it adds harmonies and accompaniment to the melody. … A rock or pop star singing a song while playing guitar or piano at the same time is an example of homophonic texture.

How can a homophonic texture be played?

The most common type of homophony is melody-dominated homophony, in which one voice, often the highest, plays a distinct melody, and the accompanying voices work together to articulate an underlying harmony.

What is a polyphonic texture?

Polyphony means “different sounds or voices”. Polyphonic music has parts that weave in and out of each other. Polyphonic music may contain an element of imitation , where one voice or instrument copies what has just been played by another (think of a “round” like London’s Burning.) …

What is the difference between contrapuntal and polyphonic?

Polyphonic is a general term for the texture ( 2 or more independent melodic lines). Counterpoint (or the adjective, contrapuntal), is the specific rules for how to combine the parts. (Species, tonal, etc). … Polyphony is the larger umbrella term for any music that has multiple voices.

What means melody?

A melody (from Greek μελῳδία, melōidía, “singing, chanting”), also tune, voice or line, is a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity.

What is a polyphonic chant?

[Genre21012] Also known as: Polyphonic Singing. The practice of polyphonic chant extends over a variety of time periods, genres and specific techniques, however the common definition is music that combines several inter-dependently moving lines.

What is the first known polyphonic setting?

Introduction: Music for the Mass in fourteenth-century France. Machaut’s Mass is well known as the first polyphonic setting of the Ordinary of the Mass by a single known composer.

What is homophonic mean?

adjective. having the same sound. Music. having one part or melody predominating (opposed to polyphonic).