Quick Answer: What Is The Difference Between The Mass And The Motet?

What’s a chorale?

1 : a hymn or psalm sung to a traditional or composed melody in church also : a harmonization of a chorale melody a Bach chorale.

2 : chorus, choir.

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Where did motets originate from?

Medieval examples. The earliest motets arose in the 13th century from the organum tradition exemplified in the Notre-Dame school of Léonin and Pérotin. The motet probably arose from clausula sections in a longer sequence of organum.

Who invented the motet?

Giovanni GabrieliReligious compositions in vernacular languages were often called madrigali spirituali, “spiritual madrigals.” In the latter part of the sixteenth century, Giovanni Gabrieli and other composers developed a new style, the polychoral motet, in which two or more choirs of singers (or instruments) alternated.

Who was the most famous composer of the Renaissance?

Josquin des PrezThe composer who is often heralded as the master of the High Renaissance is Josquin des Prez. He was a remarkable craftsman who was incredibly productive bringing the Renaissance style into an altogether more sensitive and communicative manner.

What are the characteristics of a motet?

Characteristics of the Renaissance Motet Compared to the medieval motet, the Renaissance motet is smoother and uses imitative polyphony, with successive voice parts that echo each other, kind of like a round. We can see and hear this in the text and successive adding of vocal parts.

What is a motet in music?

Motet, (French mot: “word”), style of vocal composition that has undergone numerous transformations through many centuries. Typically, it is a Latin religious choral composition, yet it can be a secular composition or a work for soloist(s) and instrumental accompaniment, in any language, with or without a choir.

How many voices are in a motet?

three voicesA. Motets are now quite often for three voices (two voices with text and the Tenor). The Tenor at first is still organized into its repeatable rhythmic cells and moves at about the same speed of the other voices. The upper voices generally have two different French texts.

What does polyphonic mean?

Polyphony, in music, the simultaneous combination of two or more tones or melodic lines (the term derives from the Greek word for “many sounds”). … Thus, even a single interval made up of two simultaneous tones or a chord of three simultaneous tones is rudimentarily polyphonic.

Is a motet monophonic?

A motet is a “polyphonic choral work set to a Latin sacred text” (Kamien 82) not usually used in the Mass. The motet was popular in the middle ages.

How is a motet different from the mass?

One difference between a renaissance mass and a motet is: a mass is sung unaccompanied, a motet has instrumental accompaniment a mass has only step-wise melodies and unmeasured rhythm. … a mass is always based on a specific text that is part of the liturgy of a given day. a mass is sacred, a motet is secular.

What was a triple motet?

triple motet. Thirteenth-century MOTET in four voices, with a different text in each voice above the TENOR. cantus firmus. (Latin, ‘fixed melody’) An existing MELODY, often taken from a GREGORIAN CHANT, on which a new POLYPHONIC work is based; used especially for MELODIES present in long NOTES.

What are the two main types of sacred music?

Two main forms of sacred music existed. Firstly, the motet; a short, polyphonic, choral work set to a sacred Latin text. The motet was performed as a short religious ritual such as the communion. Secondly the Mass; a longer work, comprised of all five movements of the Ordinary.

What is the meaning of madrigals?

1 : a medieval short lyrical poem in a strict poetic form. 2a : a complex polyphonic unaccompanied vocal piece on a secular text developed especially in the 16th and 17th centuries. b : part-song especially : glee.

Who is considered the greatest composer of the fourteenth century?

Machaut1300 – April 1377) was a French poet and composer of late Medieval music who was the central figure of the ars nova style. Immensely influential, Machaut is regarded as the most important composer and poet of the 14th century and is the first significant composer whose name is known.

What does motet mean?

: a polyphonic choral composition on a sacred text usually without instrumental accompaniment.